Medicare Supplement Underwriting Eligibility Questions

Medicare Supplement insurance is designed to enhance Original Medicare by covering costs that Medicare alone cannot. Unlike Original Medicare, Medigap plans are offered by private insurance companies. These companies must provide coverage to individuals who qualify for guaranteed issue rights without requiring a health screening.

However, if an individual is not within an enrollment period, they may be subject to a process known as medical underwriting. In this article, we will explore the eligibility questions regarding Medicare Supplement underwriting that beneficiaries should be aware of to ensure they obtain the appropriate coverage.

What Is Underwriting?

Medical Underwriting is the process of determining the risk of insuring someone. It involves evaluating the applicant’s age, health status, and medical history. Underwriting is essential because it allows the insurer to price the policy according to the risk of insuring the applicant. Underwriters may approve, deny, or offer a modified policy based on an individual’s circumstances.

What are the Underwriting Questions?

Eligibility questions are designed to help underwriters understand your health status for your health plan. These questions are vital because they provide insurers with information regarding your preexisting conditions, lifestyle choices, and family history. Every Medigap insurance provider will have a unique set of questions.

Here are some Medicare Supplement underwriting eligibility questions:

  • Medical History: This covers any chronic or severe illnesses you have had in the past, current ongoing treatments, and surgeries or hospitalizations you’ve had.
  • Current Health Status: This involves questions about your health condition, recent medical tests, and health check-ups.
  • Lifestyle includes questions about smoking habits, alcohol consumption, and engagement in high-risk activities.
  • Family Health History: This is to gather information about diseases in your family, such as heart disease, cancer, or diabetes.
  • Current Medications: Here, you must provide details about any prescriptions, their duration, and their purpose.

Importance of Answering Eligibility Questions Honestly and Accurately.

Medicare Beneficiaries must answer eligibility health questions honestly and accurately. Dishonesty can lead to the denial of coverage or cancellation of the Medicare supplement policy. Insurance companies may investigate claims, which can lead to penalties, including policy cancellation. Moreover, inaccurate information can affect your coverage and premiums. If you fail to disclose preexisting medical conditions, it can result in denial of benefits.

What If I Don't Qualify For Medicare Supplement Insurance?

If you do not qualify for a Medicare supplement insurance policy due to your health status, you can consider enrolling in Medicare Advantage. These are private insurance policies offering coverage for Medicare, but they do not require medical underwriting. However, unlike a Medigap policy, Medicare Advantage plans have defined networks and may limit your choice of doctors and hospitals. Medicare Advantage policies also have co-pays and deductibles.

Can I Avoid Medical Underwriting?

The best time to enroll in a Medicare Supplement insurance policy is within six months of reaching age 65 or enrolling in Medicare Part B. During this period, insurers cannot reject your application or charge you higher premiums based on your health status. This is called guaranteed issue rights. If you miss this period, insurance companies may underwrite your policy and charge higher premiums based on your health status.

Bottom Line

In conclusion, eligibility questions are essential to the underwriting process for a Medicare supplement application. Seniors must ensure they understand the eligibility questions and answer them truthfully and accurately to avoid denial of coverage or cancellation of their policy. Working with a reputable insurance agent to guide you through the eligibility questions and help you find the best approach for you is essential.

Sources: Cigna Health Insurance –


  • Can I be denied a Medicare Supplement Plan?

    Some people may be denied a Medicare supplement plan based on their health status. Insurance companies can reject your application or charge you higher premiums based on health status if you do not qualify for guaranteed issue rights.

  • Does Medigap require medical underwriting?

    When applying for Medigap outside of a Guarantee Issue period, medical underwriting, also known as medical health screening, is typically required.

Mark Prip

Since 2003, Mark Prip has been leading  Policy Guide, Inc., providing knowledgeable information about Medicare, life insurance, and dental coverage to clients in over forty states. With his unparalleled hands-on experience aiding countless Medicare beneficiaries in selecting an appropriate health plan, he is a prime example amongst other competitors for expertise and assistance. Mark has held his Florida Health & Life Insurance License (E051889) since 2003. View his license profile on the Florida Department of Insurance website.